Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS)
Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is caused by a pregnant mother drinking alcohol and exposing her fetus to the substance. FAS is a birth defect that primarily affects the brain. People with FAS are born with the disorder and will not outgrow its affects, another more recent term for FAS is fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). FASD is describing the range of effects that can occur in an individual whose mother drank alcohol during pregnancy, FAS is the most identifiable and most serious disorder under the FASD
Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is a complex, multifactorial, and intriguing disorder. The consequences that can ensue from alcohol consumption, besides amount, dose, and stage of alcohol exposure, only 5% of alcohol drinking women have a newborn with FAS. Although the incidence of alcohol abuse is increasing in the western world, the nutritional and physical status of this woman may have significant impact on the FAS occurrence.