The effect of diabetes in pregnancy

sahnon, Enass Ateek (2018-05-05)

For pregnant women with diabetes mellitus some particular challenges for both mother and child. If the woman has diabetes as an intercurrent disease in pregnancy, it can cause early labor, birth defects, and very large babies. Planning in advance is emphasized if one wants to have a baby and has type 1 diabetes mellitus or type 2 diabetes mellitus. Pregnancy management for diabetics needs stringent blood glucose control even in advance of having pregnancy


Diabetes in pregnancy is unique because of the diversity of problems that can affect the embryo/fetus . Considerable effort has been devoted to understanding the basic developmental biology from observing young embryos. Maternal glucose control has been identified as an important event. The preponderance of evidence indicates that rigid glucose control will minimize the incidence of anomalies incurred before 9 weeks of pregnancy. Later events are related to fetal hyperinsulinemia. These include fetal macrosomia, respiratory distress syndrome, neonatal hypoglycemia, neonatal hypocalcemia, and neonatal obesity . Control of maternal metabolism can have a significant impact on each of the above. Finally, the long-term effects of maternal diabetes are as diverse as the pathogenetic events during pregnancy. Surprisingly, there is a significant transmission rate of 2% of type I diabetes if the mother has insulin-dependent diabetic mother, whereas the rate is 6% for these problems in three studies

Attribution 3.0 United States
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