PTSD in Libyan child

Elsahly, Fatma .A. (2018-04-15)

The diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was not introduced into the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) until its third publication, in 1980. The DSM-IVTR has made some modifications, which have attempted to compensate for the difference in symptom presentation in children and adolescents.1 There are no sufficient epidemiological studies of the prevalence of PTSD among children in the general population. The studies in United States have indicated that around 3-6% of high school students have PTSD as a result of domestic violence.2 There are only few studies about prevalence of PTSD following wars. Macksoud and Aber found PTSD rates of 43% in Lebanese children up to 10 years after exposure to war trauma.3 Ahmad & Mohamad found that among displaced Kurdish children in Iraq following the Gulf war, all had PTSD symptoms and 20% had PTSD.4 Servan-Schreiber , Le Lin, and Birmaher reported a 30% rate of PTSD reactions in Tibetan refugee children in India.5 Attanayake et al. systematically reviewed existing literature to identify studies on prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety, depression and psychosis among children exposed to armed conflict. They found that PSTD is the primary outcome ranging from 4.5 to 89.3%, with an overall pooled estimate of 47%.6 A recent study in Libya showed that PTSD prevalence in populations exposed to a high level of political terror and traumatic events was estimated at 12.4% and was 19.8% for severe depression


Libyan children have suffered from the war during liberation of the country. Mental health in the population, especially children, can be affected by wars. Elimination disorders; secondary nocturnal enuresis and secondary encopresis are known to happen in children after exposure to a stress situation such as domestic violence and motor vehicle accidents. In this situation War is the cause of PTSD in children. Presentations of PTSD in children can be different from those in adults

Attribution 3.0 United States
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