The Prevalence of Glaucoma in Diabetic Patients

Elfigih, Ahmed Omar B. (2018-06-30)

Diabetes mellitus represents a significant public health issue which has become increasingly prevalent due to changes and trends in diet, lifestyle, and consequently, the rate of obesity. Since 1980, the worldwide prevalence of diabetes has nearly quadrupled to an estimated 422 million affected persons in 2014. Glaucoma represents the leading cause of worldwide irreversible blindness, as defined by best-corrected central visual acuity of less than 3/60 or a visual field of less than 10° in the better seeing eye. It is characterized by pathognomonic optic nerve changes which result in progressive visual field loss over time. Whether or not an association exists between diabetes mellitus and glaucoma has been an issue of debate in the past, but findings from several studies in recent years seem to suggest that the risk of glaucoma among diabetic patients may be greater than once believed. 1 In this report, we evaluate the prevalence of glaucoma in diabetic patients


Diabetes is a major health issue which is increased due to the changes in the life style, and Glaucoma is a major cause of worldwide irreversible blindness. There are three studies that are shown in this report that there is a relation between diabetes and glaucoma. The first study conducted 1200 diabetics for a routine examination and to check if they had glaucoma, the results showed that the majority of patients who had glaucoma had Primary Open Angle Glaucoma (POAG). The second study was a cohort study for 841 diabetics to confirm the association of glaucoma in senior diabetic patients, the results were positive and it was significantly associated to the duration of diabetes. The last study was a specific for POAG to confirm if it is the most common type of glaucoma for diabetics, the results of the study showed clear evidence of an excess of POAG in diabetic population

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