The relation between sleep and heart disease

Ibrahim Elbaaja, Mohamed (2020-03-12)

Heart disease, also known as cardiovascular disease, describes a group of health conditions affecting the heart. About 31% of deaths each year are attributed to heart disease. Common types of heart disease include coronary artery disease, high blood pressure, cardiac arrest, congestive heart failure, arrhythmia, peripheral artery disease and congenital heart disease. The list of risk factors for heart disease is a long one. It includes age, family history, sex, smoking, poor diet, diabetes, obesity, and more. One major risk factor for heart disease is poor sleep, whether that sleep is too short, too long, or simply unrest. the sleep requirements vary slightly from person to person, most healthy adults need between 7 to 9 hours of sleep per night to function at their best. Children and teens need even more. In the Western world, the average person gets only 6 hours of sleep per night. That’s 1.5 hours less than the average sleeper from 100 years ago and below the recommended minimum of 7 hours per night.


This report explores the relationship between sleep and heart diseases showing it is a two-way street. Heart disease describes a range of conditions that affect your heart. Diseases under the heart disease umbrella include blood vessel diseases, such as coronary artery disease; heart rhythm problems (arrhythmias); and heart defects you're born with (congenital heart defects), among others, it is often used interchangeably with the term "cardiovascular disease." Cardiovascular disease generally refers to conditions that involve narrowed or blocked blood vessels that can lead to a heart attack, chest pain (angina) or stroke. Heart diseases have many causes, one being an irregular sleeping schedule, too much or too little sleep can take a drastic toll on ones heart health. The right amount of sleep is protective of heart health. Hence, sleeping less than the recommended amount has long been linked to poor health outcomes. This includes increased risks for cardiovascular risk factors like obesity, diabetes mellitus, and high blood pressure and an increased risk of cardiovascular events. Now, a flurry of recent studies is solidifying that evidence base and showing that poor sleep is linked both to preclinical atherosclerosis and to a higher rate of death among patients with heart disease. This report will conclude studies that support the hypothesis that there is a clear relation between poor sleep and heart diseases.

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