The Orthodontic/Periodontal Interface Part 3
Adult patients are increasingly seeking orthodontic treatment. It is essential to establish optimal periodontal health in these patients before embarking on such treatment, which demands the interaction between the general dental practitioner (GDP) and orthodontist for effective management. This article focuses on the management of periodontal disease in orthodontic patients, orthodontic considerations, retention and complications that may arise. This is demonstrated throughout a series of clinical cases treated within a multidisciplinary team. The management of patients with periodontal disease is often challenging; the clinical issues that require consideration are discussed throughout this article.