Asymptomatic bacteriuria

Issa, Hanadi (2022-09-05)


In the adult population, urinary tract infections are the most prevalent infectious disease. Lower urinary tract symptoms and evidence of bacteriuria (through dipstick tests and/or urine culture) are used to diagnose UTIs. The diagnosis of a urinary tract infection (UTI) is not always straightforward since symptoms might be ambiguous, and patient-related factors can obstruct the diagnostic process while the urine culture is still being performed. In such circumstances, distinguishing between UTIs and asymptomatic bacteriuria (ABU) can be difficult, and the clinician must decide whether or not to begin antibiotic treatment right once. The goal of this study is to look at biomarkers that could aid in the detection of urinary tract infections. Procalcitonin, interleukin-6, neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin, chemokines, lactoferrin, and bone morphogenetic protein-2, seem promising in UTI diagnosis.3