Urinalysis and Urinary Tract Infections

Masheiti, Ali (2022-09-05)


Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are caused by several organisms placing the gram-negative, facultative bacterium called the Escherichia coli (E. coli) the first leading cause worldwide. A member of the Morganellaceae family of gram-negative bacilli bacteria known as the Proteus mirabilis (P. mirabilis) was also found to be the second most prevalent species causing urinary tract infections after E. coli. Multiple methods of urine examination are done to be acquainted of the different organisms that causes UTIs. There are also multiple drugs in the treatment of UTIs like fosfomycin. Urine output tests are done with the use of diuretics and so tests are done in order to find the significance of the results between genders and their characteristics. When urine is obtained like for example from the urinary output, the urine sample can be used to determine certain UTIs and so this helps scientists in making a diagnosis.