Association between gastroesophageal reflux disease and coronary heart disease
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is the return of the stomach's contents back up into the esophagus which is digestive disorder that affects the lower esophageal sphincter (LES), the ring of muscle between the esophagus and stomach.Coronary heart disease (CHD) a disease of the coronary vessels causing stenosis and obstruction of coronary circulation that supply the heart . Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is characterized by symptoms and complications such as esophagitis, esophageal stricture, Barrett esophagus, and esophageal adenocarcinoma, and is caused by the reflux of gastric contents. Previous studies have reported the prevalence of GERD (as defined by experiencing heartburn or acid regurgitation at least once per week) was 14% to 24% in adults in Western countries, and 3% to 10.5% in Asian populations.[2,3] The manifestations of GERD include esophageal syndromes, such as erosive esophagitis and nonerosive reflux disease (NERD), and extra-esophageal syndromes such as reflux-associated cough, asthma, laryngitis, and dental erosion
n this report show the relation between gastroesophageal reflex disease (GERD ) and coronary heart disease (CHD) and how affect on each other .