Relation between obesity and myocardial infarction

Al-Subeihi, Yahya Salem (2018-05-04)

Overweight and obesity are defined by the World Health Organization as abnormal or excessive fat that accumulate and present a risk to health, Obesity is measured in body mass index (BMI), which is a person’s weight (in kilograms) divided by the square of his or her height (in meters). A person with a BMI of 30 or more is generally considered obese. A person with a BMI equal to or more than 25 is considered overweight. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality and morbidity has been shown to be elevated in individuals who are overweight, particularly with central deposition of adipose tissues.4 Abdominal obesity has been shown to be a risk factor for CVD worldwide.8 Obesity may be associated with hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes, or insulin resistance, and elevated levels of fibrinogen and C-reactive protein, all of which increase the risk of CVD events


Overweight and obesity have become increasingly common; worldwide, at least 1.1 billion adults are overweight and 312 million are obese, when overweight and obesity are defined conventionally as having a body mass index (BMI) of >25 kg/m2 and >30 kg/m2, respectively.1,2 In the general population, overweight and obesity are associated with increased and thus it is not surprising that in cohorts of [3,4] risk of developing cardiovascular disease, patients with prevalent ischemic heart disease or acute coronary events, well over 50% are Despite the association between obesity and cardiovascular risk in the [5,6] overweight or obese. general population, a multitude of studies have described an inverse correlation between BMI and mortality in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), including post-coronary revascularization patients and those with acute myocardial infarction (MI); the association between elevated BMI and improved survival has been termed the obesity paradox The aim of this study was to evaluate the associations of overweight and obesity with myocardial infarction (MI)

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