RATIONAL ANTIMICROBIAL THERAPY IN THE EASTERN REGION OF LIBYA
Medicines or drugs are substances or preparations which are intended for administration to human beings or animals in order to prevent, diagnose, alleviate or cure diseases and pathological symptoms, or to act on body functions.The terms Drug Utilization Research (DUR), Drug Consumption Study, Drug Utilization Study (DUS), Drug Utilization Review, Drug Usage Review, and Drug Use Evaluation are one more or less synonymous. The World Health Organization (WHO) has continued to use the term Drug Utilization Research (DUR) that is defined as follow: "The marketing, distribution, prescription and use of drug in society, with special emphasis on the resulting medical, social and economic consequences
Drug utilization studies conducted in Libya during the period 1991-2013, have pointed out the irrational use of antibiotics as a common practice that costs the health system more than 7.7 million Libyan Dinars / year. The aim of this study is to assess the trend of antimicrobial consumption in the Eastern region of Libya during 2012 – 2013.